Contents | Ancient | Early Medieval | Medieval | Renaissance | Modern | Contemporary


From 1955 to 1975

US Intervention in Vietnam
Vietnam was essentially a stage upon which America could act out its own dramas.
Ursula Cliff, 2010.

Idealism, Self-Interest and the Vietnam War
The United States believed they had the right to intervene in Asia to defend their interests.
Hannah Walker, 2010.

The Politics of Che Guevara
His image, worn on merchandise across the globe, represents the struggle for freedom and justice but in reality his life and politics were not always admirable.
Evie Rose, 2011.

Education Under Castro
There is ample evidence that an extraordinary transformation of the Cuban education system was achieved in the years that followed the 1959 revolution. Lindsay Nailer 2009.

An Assessment of the Cuban Revolution
In 1959, the Cuban Revolution saw dictator Fulgencio Batista replaced by the socialist Fidel Castro. The human rights record of the Communist regime has been roundly criticised but, for the majority of Cubans, quality of life has improved under Castro.
Isobel Egan, 2011.

The Significance of Black September ‘Black September’ was a significant event in Arab history. It altered relationships between Arab countries and between Israel, the US and Jordan, and with the expulsion of the PLO from Jordan to Lebanon, became part of the reason for the Lebanese civil war. Gemma Matheson, 2010.

Anwar Sadat and the Yom Kippur War Sadat was motivated by Egypt's humiliation in the Six Day War, as well as the failure of previous negotiations with Israel and the precarious situation of Egypt’s economy. Duncan Grey, 2010.

The Consequences of the Yom Kippur War
The Yom Kippur War, fought in October 1973 by a coalition of Egyptian and Syrian forces against Israel, was a highly significant event in the long running history of Arab-Israeli conflict. Arlette Regan, 2010.

From 1975 - 2001

The 1981 Irish Republican Hunger Strikes
From the 1st of May 1981 until the 3rd of October, a period of less than six months, ten men starved themselves to death for the Irish Republican cause. Emilie Adlide, 2009

The First Intifada
Israelis were creating new settlements and immigrating into the West Bank and the Gaza Strip in the thousands. Action was needed and after a number of minor incidents, built up tension overflowed and spread across the occupied Palestinian territories. Xander Byng, 2010.

The Appeal of Hamas
Originating from the Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas had strong financial, ideological and organisational foundations. In the power vacuum created by the PLO's exile, Hamas' religiosity, provision of welfare and militant opposition to Israel gained the support of many Palestinians.
Ursula Cliff, 2010.

The PLO and the Gulf War
The decision of the PLO supporting Iraq was not in the best interests of the Palestinian people. The decision caused conflict in the PLO, compromised the peace process with Israel, caused Palestinians to be expelled from Kuwait and most significantly lost the PLO the financial and diplomatic support from most Arab countries. Tom Hermes, 2010.

The Role of Oil in US Foreign Policy
The need for cheap oil has influenced decisions to attempt to gain control over oil reserves in the Middle East by means of invasion. Deb Mak 2009.

Obstacles to Peace in Israel-Palestine
Palestinian representatives have shown themselves to be willing to negotiate. Such a dialogue will not be possible until Israel accepts the need to compromise. All parties have to open themselves to possible resolutions in order to escape the stagnation that has set into Israeli-Palestinian relations. Ellen Miech, 2012.

The Causes of Conflict in the Holy Land
Since the creation of Israel in 1947, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been defined by a battle for territory. At the time of Israel’s creation, a proposed two-state solution was rejected by the Arab states and consequently the Palestinian populace was displaced; successive wars between Israel and Middle Eastern states has further complicated the dispute over territory, as further lands have been seized from Syria, Egypt and Jordan. Lenna Golson-Lai, 2012.

The Path of Independence in North Africa
Algeria is an example of a nation attempting to overcome its imposed Western culture to return to its Arab traditional roots. This process has become known as simply “Arabization”. Due to French education practices in Algeria during the 132 years in which the French ruled the country, the majority of educated Algerians were raised speaking French, becoming the cultural elite, just below those of French heritage. Jordan Rocke, 2012.

From 2001

The Origins of the ICC
While the International Criminal Court is a creation of the twenty-first century, its origins are deeply rooted in contemporary international history. Kari Pahlman, 2009

The Military-Industrial Complex and the Iraq Wars
During both Bush presidencies, the U.S. government has been subject to manipulation and influence by the ‘military-industrial complex’. Lauren George, 2008.

The Failure of Contemporary Western Aid
Poor countries have developed a dangerous dependence on their Western benefactors. Kate Wilson-Wooley, 2009.